|Greenhouse gases are a group of gases that trap heat from solar radiation in the Earth's atmosphere. These gases act as a blanket, increasing the temperature on the surface of the Earth.
|One of the most common greenhouse gases.
|A common gaseous hydrocarbon, which has a warming effect 84 times that of CO2 over 20 years and 28 times that of CO2 over 100 years.
|A man-made gas used as an electrical insulator that has a warming effect 23,500 times that of CO2.
|Carbon dioxide equivalent
|CO2eq / CO2-eq / CO2e
|Carbon is used as a common form of measurement for all greenhouse gases. This unit of measurement indicates the potential impact of non-CO2 gases on global warming in carbon terms.
|The standard unit of measurement for energy consumption.
|Power usage effectiveness
|The metric used to measure data center energy efficiency.
|Global warming potential
|The potential impact of greenhouse gases on global warming. Measured in terms of CO2e.
|World Meteorological Organization
|A specialized agency of the United Nations whose mandate covers weather, climate and water resources.
|Million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent
|Measurement term for CO2eq
|Nationally Determined Contribution
|The means by which members of the Paris Climate Agreement are expected to update their progress.
|Conference of the Parties
|An annual event involving all parties in the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
|United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
|A group created to achieve the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous interference with the climate system.
|Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
|The objective of the IPCC is to provide governments at all levels with scientific information that they can use to develop climate policies.
|Science Based Targets initiative
|A body that defines and promotes best practice in science-based target setting. For example, creating the standards for net zero
|This term is usually used to talk about the percentage of renewable energy used as a proportion of the total energy used
|Power Purchase Agreement
|A contract you sign with a power plant to purchase RECs
|Renewable Energy Credit
|Renewable energy credits (also known as renewable energy certificates) represent the energy generated by renewable energy sources
|Paris Climate Agreement
|An international treaty agreed in 2015 by 196 parties and the UN to reduce the Earth's temperature increase
|Energy is measured in joules (J).
|grams of carbon per kilowatt hour
|The standard unit of carbon intensity is gCO2eq/kWh, or grams of carbon per kilowatt hour.
|Voluntary Carbon Market
|A decentralized market where private actors voluntarily buy and sell carbon credits that represent certified removals or reductions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere.
|Verified Carbon Standard
|A standard for certifying carbon emissions reductions.
|Software Carbon Intensity
|A standard which gives an actionable approach to software designers, developers and operations to measure the carbon impacts of their systems.